文化相对主义的伦理学:宽容、接纳与适应

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人物 michaelherzfeld3 
日期 2018年01月04日(周四)
时间 14:00 - 16:00
地点 虹口校区5号楼602室
主办 语言研究院, 中国外语战略研究中心
语言 英语 English
内容提要

语言研究院、中国外语战略研究中心成立十周年 名家讲坛

主持:余华 博士 (语言研究院)

摘要:文化相对主义认为,所有的文化都应在其自身的语言与文化表述下得到公平的尊重,这一人类学研究的重要理念已存在了相当一段时间,然而近年来却受到抨击。主讲人提出,可以将文化相对主义作出“强”与“弱”两种类型的区分。较为强势的一种需要研究者放下一切伦理道德评判,但该种观点有其自相矛盾的一面。另外一种相对温和的文化相对主义,将进行伦理评判的责任更多地置于人类学学者本身,并强调应将相应原则纳入一种更为广阔、不拘泥于某一专业领域的课程中。尽管有着一定的困难,后者仍然为跨国际的理解提供了更可行的路径,同时也应当成为文化领域教学中的基础部分。

“The Ethics of Cultural Relativism: Tolerance, Acceptance, Adaptation”

Cultural relativism – the idea that all cultures are equally worthy of respect, each on its own terms – has long been a staple tenet of anthropological thought. In recent years, however, it has come under fire. The speaker will argue that there are in fact two versions, a “strong” and a “weak” one. The “strong” version requires a total surrender of our ethical judgment, and as such comes into conflict with itself. The “weak” version works much better, but places heavy responsibility for ethical judgment on anthropologists themselves, and requires them to teach its principles as part of a wider, non-specialist curriculum. Despite the difficulties, this approach offers a surer path to international understanding, and should be the basis of all teaching in cultural fields.

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