主持：余华 博士 （语言研究院）
“The Ethics of Cultural Relativism: Tolerance, Acceptance, Adaptation”
Cultural relativism – the idea that all cultures are equally worthy of respect, each on its own terms – has long been a staple tenet of anthropological thought. In recent years, however, it has come under fire. The speaker will argue that there are in fact two versions, a “strong” and a “weak” one. The “strong” version requires a total surrender of our ethical judgment, and as such comes into conflict with itself. The “weak” version works much better, but places heavy responsibility for ethical judgment on anthropologists themselves, and requires them to teach its principles as part of a wider, non-specialist curriculum. Despite the difficulties, this approach offers a surer path to international understanding, and should be the basis of all teaching in cultural fields.