大卫·休谟思想研究

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人物 John Robertson 
日期 2019年10月11日(周五)
时间 15:00 - 17:00
地点 松江校区行政楼卓越学院127室
主办 上海全球治理与区域国别研究院, 英国研究中心, 卓越学院
语言 英语 English
内容提要

大卫•休谟是18世纪英国最为重要的哲学家与政治思想家之一。作为苏格兰启蒙运动的重要成员,休谟的道德思想在现代性的形成过程中发挥了关键性的作用。自霍布斯、洛克等17世纪自然法学者将自利(self-interest)作为道德的根本出发点,并试图以此构建整个现代政治之后,18世纪思想家的一个关键语境便是自然社会性的问题。本次讲座将讨论休谟的道德哲学怎样解释根本上自利的人如何可能构成社会,并在此基础上构建正义与政治体。

阅读书目

Works of David Hume (1711-1776)

A Treatise of Human Nature Books I & II (London, 1739); Book III (London 1740)

Edited by L.A. Selby-Bigge, revised by P.H. Nidditch 2nd ed. (Oxford 1978); or edited by

D.F. and M.J. Norton (Oxford: Oxford Philosophical Texts, 2000)

Philosophical Essays concerning the Human Understanding (1748); subsequently

published as: An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding (1756)

An Enquiry concerning the Principles of Morals (1751)

edited in one volume by L.A. Selby-Bigge, revised by P.H. Nidditch (Oxford, 1975).

Separately edited by T.L. Beauchamp (Oxford, 1999, 1998)

The Natural History of Religion, publ. in Four Discourses (1757), in A Dissertation on the

Passions; The Natural History of Religion, edited by T.L. Beauchamp (Oxford, 2007), or in

Dialogues and Natural History of Religion, edited by J.C. Gaskin (Oxford: World’s

Classics, 1993)

Essays Moral, Political, and Literary (1777), edited by E.F. Miller, (Indianapolis: The

Liberty Fund, 1985); also in Political Essays, edited by Knud Haakonssen, (Cambridge:

Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought, 1994)

History of England, in six volumes (Edinburgh and London, 1754-1762), in the last

corrected edition of 1778, reprinted with a foreword by William B. Todd (Indianapolis:

The Liberty Fund, 1983).

Works by contemporaries of Hume

Bernard Mandeville The Fable of the Bees (London, 1705, 1714, 1723), and

Volume II (1729), in two volumes, edited by F.B. Kaye

(Oxford, 1924, reprinted Indianapolis: The Liberty Fund,

1988)

Joseph Addison The Spectator (First Series, 1711-12; Second Series 1714)

Henry St John, Lord Bolingbroke The Craftsman (1730-34): see ‘A Dissertation upon

Parties’, in Bolingbroke: Political Writings, ed. David

Armitage (Cambridge, 1997)

Jean-François Melon Essai politique sur le commerce (1734, 1736), translated as

Political Essay upon Commerce (Dublin, 1738)

Modern works on Hume’s philosophy

J. P. Wright Hume’s Treatise of Human Nature: an Introduction

(Cambridge, 2009)

Annette C. Baier A Progress of Sentiments. Reflections on Hume’s Treatise

(Harvard, 1991), chs 7-12David Hume 24

James A. Harris Hume: an intellectual biography (New York & Cambridge,

2015) Introduction, chs 1-2

James Moore ‘Hume’s theory of justice and property’, Political Studies, 24

(1976)

John Robertson The Case for the Enlightenment: Scotland and Naples 1680-

1760 (Cambridge 2005), Ch. 6.

M.A. Stewart ‘Hume’s intellectual development 1711-1752’, in M. FrascaSpada & P.J. Kail (editors), Impressions of Hume (Oxford,

2005)

Luigi Turco ‘Moral sense and the foundation of morals’, in A. Broadie

(editor), The Cambridge Companion to the Scottish

Enlightenment (Cambridge 2003)

Modern works on Hume’s politics and economics

Duncan Forbes Hume’s Philosophical Politics (Cambridge, 1975)

James Moore ‘Hume’s political science and the classical republican

tradition’, Canadian Journal of Political Science, 10 (1977)

Nicholas Phillipson Hume (1989, new edition, Penguin, 2011)

Istvan Hont Jealousy of Trade (Cambridge, Mass., 2005):

‘The rich country - poor country debate in the Scottish

Enlightenment’

‘The rhapsody of public debt: David Hume and voluntary

bankruptcy’

John Robertson ‘The Scottish Enlightenment at the limits of the civic

tradition’, in I. Hont and M. Ignatieff (eds), Wealth and

Virtue. The Shaping of Political Economy in the Scottish

Enlightenment (Cambridge, 1983)

‘Universal Monarchy and the Liberties of Europe: David

Hume’s critique of an English Whig doctrine’, in N.

Phillipson & Q. Skinner (eds), Political Discourse in Early

Modern Britain (Cambridge, 1993)

Douglass Adair ‘“That Politics may be reduced to a science”: David Hume,

James Madison and the Tenth Federalist’, Huntingdon

Library Quarterly, 20 (1956-7)

人物简介

John Robertson

John Robertson, Professor of the History of Political Thought, Faculty of History, University of Cambridge. PhD in Modern History, 1981 (Thesis title: “The Improving Citizen: Militia Debates and Political Thought in the Scottish Enlightenment.”). MA and BA in Modern History, First Class (formally congratulatory), University of Oxford, 1969-1975.
As an expert of the History of Political Thought, he contributed many books, volumes as well as articles. Publications of books are listed as following:
The Enlightenment. A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, September 2015)
The Case for the Enlightenment: Scotland and Naples 1680-1760 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005; pb reissue 2007)
The Scottish Enlightenment and the Militia Issue (Edinburgh: John Donald, 1985)
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